How to Start a Philodendron Plant: A Beginner's Guide

A Comprehensive Guide

How to Start a Philodendron

Did you know the largest philodendron plant is 19 feet tall and 33 feet wide? These plants look like they need a lot of work. But, with some care, beginners can grow them well. This guide will help you start with vining or non-climbing types for your home.

how to start a philodendron

Key Takeaways

  • Philodendrons are relatively easy to propagate and care for, making them a great choice for both novice and experienced plant enthusiasts.

  • There are two main types of philodendrons: vining and non-climbing varieties, each with their own unique growth habits and care requirements.

  • Propagating philodendrons from stem cuttings is the most common method, but they can also be grown from seed.

  • Proper watering, lighting, and fertilization are essential for keeping philodendrons healthy and thriving indoors.

  • Philodendrons are susceptible to common houseplant pests and diseases, but many issues can be prevented or treated with proper care.

Understanding Philodendron Plants

Philodendrons are tropical plants with over 450 types and colors. You can find them in two main kinds: vining and non-climbing. Learning about these can help you pick the best philodendron for your place.

Vining vs Non-Climbing Varieties

The vining philodendrons, like the philodendron scandens, have long stems. They can climb high on supports or hang over shelves. On the other hand, the philodendron bipinnatifidum grows like a bush. It doesn't need any help to stand straight.

Distinguishing Features

What makes philodendrons unique is their big, green leaves. The leaves can be small or very large, with different shapes and textures. For example, the philodendron xanadu has special, deeply cut leaves. And the philodendron erubescens has shiny, heart-shaped leaves.

Popularity as Houseplants

People love philodendrons for indoor gardening. They don't need much care and they grow well in many places. Vining or non-climbing, these plants bring a bit of jungle feel to your home. That's why they are a top choice for decoration and greenery.

How to Propagate a Philodendron

philodendron propagation

Philodendrons are easy to grow more of. You can get more plants for yourself or share with friends. Stem cutting, water, and soil are the main ways. Rooting hormone can help too.

Stem-cutting propagation

Stem cutting is a simple way to grow a new philodendron. Cut a 3-6-inch piece, making sure it has a leaf. Put the cut end in rooting hormone to grow roots faster. Then, plant it in a well-draining mix. Water well and keep it warm and bright. New leaves should show up in about 4–6 weeks.

Water Propagation

In water, philodendrons grow easily too. Cut a stem and put it in water. Change the water often. After a few weeks, you'll see roots. When the roots are a few inches long, move the cutting to soil. Use a mix that can drain well.

Soil Propagation

Growing in soil is another method. Plant a stem cutting in a mix that drains well. Keep the soil wet and the cutting in a sunny spot. You'll see new growth in 4-6 weeks. This means the root is growing well.

Using Rooting Hormone

A rooting hormone isn't a must, but it can really help. It makes roots grow faster and stronger. This is great for types that are hard to grow or in bad growing seasons.

How to start a philodendron

Want to grow philodendrons on your own? The most common way is by cutting. But you can also start them from a seed.

Growing from Seeds

Plant philodendron seeds deep in good soil. Water and keep it warm. After a month, little plants should start to grow.

Choosing the Right Potting Mix

The soil you choose is very important. Use a mix that drains well and is full of nutrients. It should be made for starting seeds or growing in containers. Your philodendron will love it.

Ideal Pot Size and Drainage

As it grows, move your philodendron to a bigger pot. Make sure the pot lets water out. It shouldn't be too big, just a bit larger than the roots. This helps the plant grow but not drown.

Caring for Your Philodendron